23juin2017

Cholera Platform

Against cholera

Currents outbreaks

Ghana : Situation Report on Cholera Outbreak 31 October 2016

I. Key Highlights

  • The cholera outbreak in Cape Coast district, Central Region of Ghana has rapidly escalated, with a cumulative caseload of 117 and zero deaths (CFR = 0%) being reported as of 30 October 2016.

  • An emergency National Technical Coordination Committee (NTCC) meeting was held on 28 October 2016 to institute response to the confirmed cholera outbreak. Following the NTCC meeting, a multi-disciplinary national rapid response team (RRT) has been deployed to Cape Coast on 29 October 2016 to support the regional and district response. As part of the national RRT, WHO deployed an epidemiologist and a logistician to provide technical support.

  • On 30 October 2016, the national RRT conducted orientation of the regional and district response teams; and facilitated reactivation of the Regional Public Health Emergency Management Committee (PHEMC) including formation of technical sub-committees. It is envisaged that the alignment of the outbreak coordination structures will streamline and harmonize cholera control interventions.

II. Situation update

  • The outbreak of cholera in Cape Coast district, Central region started on 21 October 2016 when a case-patient presented to the University of Cape Coast hospital with acute watery diarrhoea. The following day, on 22 October 2016, two case-patients manifesting with similar clinical features presented to Cape Coast Teaching hospital. Stool samples obtained from these case-patients tested positive for Vibrio cholerae on rapid diagnostic test. On 24 October 2016, the Regional Health Directorates accordingly notified the Disease Surveillance Department of Ghana Health Service/ Ministry of Health of the occurrence of cholera outbreak.

  • The number of cholera cases has dramatically increased in the last 4 days, rising from 36 on 26 October 2016 to 117 on 30 October 2016, notably with no fatality. The cholera cases are originating from adjoining peri-urban communities in Cape Coast Metropolitan. The exponential increase in the number of cases denotes high transmission potential of infections in the communities. Detailed assessment is being conducted to establish the predisposing factors responsible for the current high attack rate in this outbreak.

III. Contacts

For further information please contact

Dr Appiah Ebenezer                                      

Director General                                            

Ghana Health Service                                      

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Dr Owen Kaluwa LAWS
WHO Representative
Ghana
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Dr Sally-Ann Ohene

Health DPC

WHO Country Office, Ghana

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Dr Badu Sarkodie                                  

Director of Public                                 

Ghana Health Service                            

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Dr Charles Okot LUKOYA

Department Epidemiologist

WHO Country Office, Ghana

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Dr Franklin Asiedu-Bekoe                          

Head, Disease Surveillance                          

Ghana Health Service                                  

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