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Cholera prevention and control

Comprehensive and multidisciplinary approaches to tackle an ancient disease

Cholera: a public health priority
With an estimated 1.4 to 4.3 million cases1 per year worldwide, cholera remains a major public health issue. Although treat-able, cholera still results in 28,000 to
142,000 deaths per year1 and can kill within only a few hours.

Cholera is both a matter of emergency in case of outbreaks and a matter of development when the disease is endemic in high-risk areas. The most vulnerable populations are those residing in areas with low safe water and sanitation coverage and minimal healthcare infrastructure, including refugee camps, overcrowded peri-urban slums.

Tools to control and prevent cholera
The resolution called for the implementation of integrated and comprehensive approaches, including:

  • Treatment with Oral Rehydration Salt (ORS) which
  • can successfully treat up to 80% of cases;
  • Enhanced surveillance to identify cholera hot spots and early detect outbreaks;
  • Improved access to safe water and proper sanitation;
  • Safe and effective Oral Cholera Vaccines (OCV);
  • Community awareness for behavioural changes;
  • Preparedness through national and cross-border plans.